Critical-Path-Search Logic-Based Benders Decomposition Approaches for Flexible Job Shop Scheduling
We solve the flexible job shop scheduling problems (F-JSSPs) to minimize makespan. First, we compare the constraint programming (CP) model with the mixed-integer programming (MIP) model for F-JSSPs. Second, we exploit the decomposable structure within the models and develop an efficient CP–logic-based Benders decomposition (CP-LBBD) technique that combines the complementary strengths of MIP and CP models. Using 193 instances from the literature, we demonstrate that MIP, CP, and CP-LBBD achieve average optimality gaps of 25.50%, 13.46%, and 0.37% and find optima in 49, 112, and 156 instances of the problem, respectively. We also compare the performance of the CP-LBBD with an efficient Greedy Randomized Adaptive Search Procedure (GRASP) algorithm, which has been appraised for finding 125 optima on 178 instances. CP-LBBD finds 143 optima on the same set of instances. We further examine the performance of the algorithms on 96 newly (and much larger) generated instances and demonstrate that the average optimality gap of the CP increases to 47.26%, whereas the average optimality of CP-LBBD remains around 1.44%. Finally, we conduct analytics on the performance of our models and algorithms and counterintuitively find out that as flexibility increases in data sets the performance CP-LBBD ameliorates, whereas that of the CP and MIP significantly deteriorates.